Unani Medicine is considered as the science and art of healing. It is a noble profession of healing the suffering humanity.The system is popular in the society because of its unique approach to preventive, promotive and curative aspects of health care. It has got mass acceptance as one of the complementary medical system. People in India opt Unani Medicine for building career as one of the most satisfying profession. There are a lot of job opportunities both in India and abroad.
The system is regulated through the Central Council of Indian Medicine. Organized courses i.e UG, PG, Ph.D and postgraduate diploma are available under various universities.
The career options in Unani Medicine are tremendous. This profession is more of a responsibility than a privilege. The practice of Unani Medicine involves a lot of hard work but highly satisfying. In a society where increasing complications have resulted in variety of ailments and where the poor and needy people can not attend expensive treatment, Unani Medicine provides safe and cost effective treatment with minimal side effect.
Today's fast life style, lack of exercise, stressful work load, odd eating habits have led to increase in various diseases affecting the population, which can be adequately handled by a Unani practitioner. Those who are interested in pursuing Unani Medicine as a career should have good memory, stamina, patience, power of concentration, self-motivation, emotional stability, logical and analytical mind, eagerness to learn all through their career and ability to take timely decisions. A Unani doctor is also expected to possess a strong sense of responsibility as the patient’s life depends entirely on him.
Over the years, Unani Medicine education has undergone a lot of changes, new specializations have been added increasing its number from eight to fourteen specialties.The major branches include:
Major Specialties in Unani Medicine
Kulliyat-Umoor-e-Tabiya (Basic Principles of Unani Medicine), Munefe-ul-Aza (Physiology), Ilmul Advia (Pharmacology), Ilmus Saidla (Pharmacy), Tahaffuzi-wa- Samaji Tib (Preventive and Social Medicine), Ilmul Atfal (Paediatrics), Moalijat (Medicine), Ilmul Amraz (Pathology), Ilaj Bil Tadabeer (Regimental Therapy), Amraz-e- Jild-o- Zohrawayia (Dermatology and Veneriel diseases), Tashreeh-ul- Badan (Anatomy), Ilmul Jarahat (Surgery), Amraze-e- Uzn, Anaf-wa-Halaq (Diseases of ear, nose and throat), Ilmul Qabalat-wa-Amraz-e- Niswan (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
1. Undergraduate Level
The basic degree in Unani system is Kamil-e-Tibb wa Jarahat (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery- BUMS) which is of 5 1/2 years duration (including 1 year internship).
Qualification required for admission to Kamil-e- Tibb wa Jarahat course (BUMS)
The qualification required for entrance of Kamil-e- Tibb wa Jarahat course (BUMS) is successful completion of 12th standard (10+2) or equivalent with science subjects (Physics, Chemistry and Biology with 50% marks)with a optional subject as Urdu, Arabic or Persian at High school level.
Alternatively a candidate must have passed 10+2 examination with Urdu Language from a University, Board or any registered society approved by Government of India.
A candidate who has passed Pre- Tib examination of one year duration is also eligible for the admission to Kamil-e- Tibb wa Jarahat course (BUMS).
For admission to Pre Tib one must have passed intermediate (10+2) equivalent examination from Madarasas, approved by Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM). List of approved madarsas is mentioned in Ghazette notification of India.
In case of government Unani Medical colleges entrance examinations are being conducted by concerned universities. In case of private Unani Medical colleges, entrance examinations are conducted by the institutions themselves.
2. Postgraduate Level
The postgraduate education is offered for a duration of three years leading to the degree of Mahir-e- Tib (MD- Unani) and Mahir-e- Jarahat (MS- Jarahat) respectively.
Qualification required for admission to Mahir-e- Tib/ Mahir-e- Jarahat course (MD- Unani/ MS- Jarahat)
The qualification required for admission to Mahir-e- Tib/ Mahir-e- Jarahat course (MD- Unani/ MS- Jarahat) is BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) with at least 60% marks from any institution approved by Central council of Indian Medicine (CCIM).
The postgraduate courses are offered in 14 different specialties.
Major Specialties in Unani Medicine
Kulliyat- Umoor-e-Tabaiya (Basic Principles of Unani Medicine), Munefe-ul-Aza (Physiology), Ilmul Advia (Pharmacology), Ilmus Saidla (Pharmacy), Tahaffuzi-wa- SamajiTib (Preventive and Social Medicine), Ilmul Atfáal (Paediatrics), Moalijat (Medicine), Ilmul Amraz (Pathology), Ilaj Bil Tadabeer (Regimental Therapy), Amraz-e-Jild-o- Zohrawayia (Dermatology and Veneriel diseases), Tashreeh-ul- Badan (Anatomy), Ilmul Jarahat (Surgery), Amraze-e-Uzn, Anaf-wa-Halaq (Diseases of ear, nose and throat), Ilmul Qabalat-wa- Amraz-e-Niswan (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
3. PG Diploma Course in Unani Medicine
There is a provision for the Postgraduate Diploma courses of 2years Duration in the following specialties:
Saidla (Diploma in Pharmacy), Amraz-e-Ain (Diploma in Ophthalmology), Amraz-e-Uzn, Anaf-wa-Halaq (Diploma in ear, nose and throat Diseases), Ilaj Bil-Tadbeer (Diploma in Regimental Therapy)
Qualification required for admission to PG Diploma Course in Unani Medicine
Candidates with a post graduate degree in Unani Medicine awarded by by a College/University recognized by CCIM, in concerned speciality (MD Unani / MS Jarahat) are eligible for admission to PG Diploma Course in Unani Medicine.
Regulation of these courses at the central level is done by the duly constituted body - CCIM under the CCIM Act.
4. Ph.D programme in Unani Medicine is available at National Institute of Unani Medicine in Moalijat (Medicine) subject with a minimum requirement of 3 years and maximum 7 years.
Qualification Required for admission to Ph.D programme in Unani Medicine
Candidates with a post graduate degree awarded by Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences (RGUHS) or equivalent qualification awarded by a College/University recognized by CCIM/RGUHS in the concerned specialty are eligible for enrollment for Ph.D course in the Unani of this University.
Ph.D programme in interdisciplinary research is also available at Faculty of Medicine (Unani) and Faculty of sciences, Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi with a minimum requirement of 3 years and maximum 7 years.
Qualification Required for admission to Ph.D programme in interdisciplinary research
Candidates with a post graduate degree Unani or equivalent qualification awarded by a College/University recognized by CCIM in the concerned specialty are eligible for enrollment for Ph.D course in the interdisciplinary research of this University.
The demand for Unani professionals is increasing day by day due to the cost effectiveness, safety and easy availability of the unani medicines. These medicines are being used by the community for generations with proven results and acceptance.The boom in herbal industry has enhanced its demand.
Self-employment is the most popular option since it gives freedom of working hours and a good return. It is gaining a lot of importance due to upsurge in idiopathic, chronic, non-communicable, life style diseases and common ailments etc.
Though, the hospitals and nursing homes offer lucrative openings, medical professional are opting more for private practice.
Unani graduate doctors (BUMS) may opt to work for Central Government Health Scheme(CGHS), Employees State Insurance Scheme (ESI), Primary Health Centers, Unani Hospitals, Unani Health centers, Private nursing homes, Unani pharmacies, Central and State Government jobs. The can also join research centers or teaching institutes, State Government run Hospitals or Dispensaries. In some States like Utter Pradesh in Primary Health Centres (PHC) there is a provision of 3rd Medical Officer for Unani doctors.
Part time job is also available as Unani expert, advisors/consultants with the accreditation authorities and organisations. Unani Graduates can also work for business organizations, industries, schools and embassies as consultants.
Salary depends upon the experience and the capability of an individual. The earnings of a doctor through private practice depends on his/her popularity. The doctors who are working in government hospitals are also well paid.The pay varies in private sector.
Job Opportunities for Unani medical professionals
1. Government jobs in Hospitals, Dispensaries (State/Central/Local)
2. Nursing homes/Clinics/Health departments
3. Unani Medical colleges/ Academic jobs (Teaching in U.G./PG institutions)
4. Research institutes and medical colleges as research officers (Scientist)/ Researchers)
5. Private practice/self employment
6. Research establishments (Central, State, Private Institutions)
7. Management and administration (Government and Private)
8. Drug manufacturing Units (Government, Private, Autonomous, Cooperative sectors)
9. Drug control Sector (State and Central Government)
10. Unani Pharmaceutical Companies
11. Clinical Trials Laboratories (Pharmaceuticals)
12. National Health Mission (NHM)
13. Medical Tourism
14. Third Party Administrator (TPA) in insurance sector
15. Unani Speciality Centres (Ilaj bil Tadbeer (Regimental Therapy), Waja-ul- Mafaasil (Arthritis) speciality clinics etc.)
16. National AYUSH Mission
Institute Offering Courses:
Note: This information is being summarised from the information provided by institutes offering those courses.
NAME OF THE UNANI MEDICAL COLLEGES
Govt. Nizamia Tibbia College, Charminar, Hyderabad- 500002, Andhra Pradesh
Dr. Abdul Haq Unani Medical College & Hospital, 40/23, Park Road, Kurnool-518001, Andhra Pradesh
Govt. Tibbia College, Kadam Kuan, Patna-800003, Bihar
Zulfequar Haider Unani Medical College & Hospital, PB ENo.12, Nawalpur, Siwan-841226, Bihar
Salfia Unani Medical College & Hospital, At & Post Laheriasarai, Darbhanga-846001, Bihar
Nizamia Unani Medical College & Hospital, Vill. Dumri, P.O. Rasalpur, Via Buniyad Ganj,Gaya-823002, Bihar
Mohsin-e-Millat Unani Medical College, Mahboobiya Chowk, Baijnath-Para, Raipur–492001, Chhatisgarh
Ayurvedic & Unani Tibbia College, Karol Bagh, New Delhi-110005, Delhi
Faculty of Medicine (Unani), Jamia Hamdard (Deemed University), Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi-110062, Delhi
Unani Medical College & Hospital, Institute of Asian Medical Sciences, Near Baba Atomic Research Centre, Habbak Crossing, Zakura, Srinagar-190001, Jammu & Kashmir
Kashmir Tibbia College Hospital & Research Centre, SaidaKadal, Srinagar-190010, Jammu & Kashmir
Govt. Unani Medical College, Siddaiah Puranik Road, Basaveshvar Nagar, Bangalore-560079, Karnataka
Luqman Unani Medical College & Hospital, BL Karadi Campus,12, Naubag, Bijapur-586101, Karnataka
Tipu Sultan Unani Medical College & Hospital, Post Box No.99, Opp. Govt. Milk Dairy, Millat Nagar, Ring Road, Gulbarga-585104, Karnataka
HMS Unani Medical College & Hospital, Sadashiv Nagar, IInd Stage, Ring Road, P.O.Maralur, Tumkur –572105, Karnataka
National Institute of Unani Medicine, Kottigepalaya, Magadi Main Road, Bangalore-560091, Karnataka
Saifia Hamidia Unani Tibbia College & Hospital, Near Ganapati Naka, Khandwa Road, Burhanpur-450331, Madhya Pradesh
Al-Farooque Unani Tibbia College, Bye Pass Road, Vill. Arendiya Indore-452001, Madhya Pradesh
Hakim Syed Ziaul Hassan Govt. Unani Medical College & Hospital, Kolar-Nehru Nagar By-Pass, Bhopal-462001, Madhya Pradesh
Hakim Abdul Hamid Unani Medical College, 3, Idgah Road, Dewas-455001, Madhya Pradesh
Anjuman-I-Islam’s Dr. M. Ishaq Jamkhanawala Tibbia Unani Medical College & Haji Abdul Razak Kalsekar Tibbia Hospital, 60, Yari Road, Versova, Andheri (West), Mumbai - 400061, Maharashtra
MohammadiaTibbia College & Assayer Hospital, PB No. 128, Mansoora, Malegaon, Nasik- 423203, Maharashtra
Zuleikha bai Valy Md. Unani Medical College & Hospital, 2390-B, KB Hidayathulla Road, New Modikhana Camp, Azam Campus, Anglo Urdu School Campus, Pune-411001 Maharashtra
Ahmed Gharib Unani Medical College, Akkalkuwa, Nandurbar-425415, Maharashtra
Iqra Unani Medical College Hospital & Research Centre, G. No. 25/2, Iqra Nagar, Shirsoli Road, MohdiShivar, Jalgaon–425 135, Maharashtra
Hakim Rais Unani Medical College & Hospital, Sambhal, Distt. Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh- 244302
RajputanaUnani Medical College Hospital & Research Centre, Moh. Kho-Nagoriyan, Jagatpura Road, Jaipur -302002, Rajasthan
Rajasthan Unani Medical College & Hospital, Jagdamba Colony, Paladi Meena, Agra Road, Jaipur, Rajasthan
Govt. Unani Medical College, Arignar Anna Govt. Hospital of Indian Medicine Campus, Arumbakkam, Chennai-600106, Tamil Nadu
State Takmil-ut-Tib College & Hospital, Hkm. Abdul Aziz Road, Jhawai Tola Chaupatia, Lucknow-226003, Uttar Pradesh
State Unani Medical College, Himatganj, Allahabad-211003 Uttar Pradesh
Jamia Tibbia Deoband, GT Road, Deoband, Saharanpur- 247554 Uttar Pradesh
Ibn-e-Sina Tibbia College & Hospital, Beenapara, Via Sarai Meer, Azamgarh- 276305, Uttar Pradesh
Deoband Unani Medical College Hospital & Research Centre, Naya Bans, Near TalheriChungi, Deoband, Saharanpur-247554, Uttar Pradesh
Allama Iqbal Unani Medical College, Near Roorkee Chungi, G.T. Road, Muzaffarnagar-251002, Uttar Pradesh
Aligarh Unani Medical College & A.C.N. Hospital, Gulmarg Complex, PuraniChungi, Anoop Shahar Road, Aligarh-202002 Uttar Pradesh
Sham-e- Ghausia Minority Unani Medical College & Hospital, Saheri, Via- Nandganj, Ghazipur–233 001, Uttar Pradesh
Eram Unani Medical College & Hospital, Kursi Road, Gudamba Police Station, Lucknow-226022, Uttar Pradesh
Dr. Abdul Ali Tibbiya College & Hospital, Katauli, Malihabad, Lucknow-227111, Uttar Pradesh
Ajmal Khan Tibbia College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002, Uttar Pradesh
Yunus Fazlani Medical College & Al-Fazlani Unani Hospital, Kunjkheda, Post Box No. 03, Tah. Kannad, Aurangabad- 03 Maharashtra
Calcutta Unani Medical College & Hospital, 8/1, Abdul Halim Lane, Kolkata – 700016, (West Bengal)