Hoarseness of Voice (Buht-us- Saut) or Dysphonia is an abnormal change in voice. It is a common condition that is often experienced in conjunction with a dry or scratchy throat. It is a condition in which voice becomes husky. If the voice is hoarse, it may have a weak, raspy or airy quality of voice that prevents from making smooth vocal sounds. In hoarseness the voice can also be described as rough, strained, breathy or gravely. This symptom commonly stems from an issue with the vocal cords and may involve an inflamed larynx (voice box). If anyone having persistent hoarseness lasting for more than 10 days, prompt medical attention is required, as it may have a serious underlying medical condition.
Hoarseness of Voice (Buht-us- Saut) or Dysphonia refers to having an abnormal voice. Changes to the voice can occur suddenly or gradually over time. In hoarseness of voice (Buht-us- Saut) or dysphonia, there may be voice breaks where the voice completely stops or cuts out or there may be pitch changes, either higher or lower. Sometimes the patient may have a complete loss of voice for a period of time as well. Even sometimes the patient will complain of pain with speaking or singing and difficulty in projecting the voice.
Most commonly, hoarseness of voice (Buht-us- Saut) or dysphonia is caused by an abnormality with the vocal cords but there can be other causes from problems with airflow, from the lungs or abnormalities with the structures of the throat near the vocal cords.
Common causes of Buht-us- Saut (Hoarseness of Voice)
As per Unani medicine philosophy, it is caused by allergic rhinitis (Nazla Har), Su-e- Mizaj Haar Sada (Simple hot morbid temperament)/ Su-e- Mizaj Baarid Sada (Simple cold morbid temperament)/ Su-e- Mizaj Ratab Sada (Simple wet morbid temperament)/ Su-e- Mizaj Yaabis Sada (Simple dry morbid temperament) of larynx and trachea, excessive and prolonged shouting, air pollution and disease of neighbouring organs of larynx etc.
Other common causes of Buht-us- Saut (Hoarseness of Voice)
As per modern medicine philosophy, hoarseness of voice (Buht-us- Saut) is typically caused by a viral infection in the upper respiratory tract. Other common factors that can cause, contribute to, or worsen your condition include:
A part from above mentioned causes, some less common causes of hoarseness of voice (Buht-us- Saut) include:
Principles of Treatment (Usool-e- Ilaj)
Paharmacotherapy (Ilaj Bil Dawa): The treatment for hoarseness of voice (Buht-us- Saut) depends on the underlying cause of disease.
Unani Compound drugs
Regimenal Therapy (Ilaj Bil Tadbeer)
Prevention/ Precaution (Tahaffuz)
Note: Unani drugs should be taken under the supervision and advice of the qualified Unani physician. The patients are required to follow strict Unani regimen for optimum results.