Disasters are as old as human history but the dramatic increase and the damage caused by them in the recent past have become a cause of national and international concern.
‘Disaster’ is defined as a crisis situation causing wide spread damage which exceeds ability to recover. Thus, by definition, there cannot be a perfect ideal system that prevents damage, because then it would not be a disaster. It has to suffocate our ability to recover. Only then it can be called as ‘disaster’. The disasters often differ in quantity of damage caused or in quality of the type of medical consequences.
Disaster management is the discipline of dealing with and avoiding both natural and manmade disasters. It is the discipline of dealing with and avoiding risks. This discipline involves preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters. Through some safety measures, these disasters could be avoided to some extent.
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These are some of the general measures to be kept in mind during Disasters:
1.Shout for Help- In case of any emergency, shout for help. There will be people around who might come for help.
2.Call for Ambulance- Make sure that you recall all the emergency contact numbers. You should keep these numbers handy with you.
3.Most Important- Always keep First-aid kit in the house, public/ private vehicle and work place.
Your first aid kit should be well equipped with Adhesive tape, bandages, Three medium and three large sterilized dressing, Cotton wool Cotton buds, Disposable (gloves/Tongue depressor), Tweezers, scissors and safety pins.
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Natural Disasters are caused because of natural phenomena (hazards with meteorological, geological or even biological origin).