Onosma bracteatum Wall or Borago officinalis Linn

Lisan-al- Thawr/ Saqil-ul- Hammam (Onosma bracteatum W./ Borago officinalis L.)

Herb's Description

Lisan-al- Thawr (Onosma bracteatum Wall. or Borago officinalis Linn.) is a medium sized perennial herb with stems many, arising from a persistent cluster of basal leaves approximately 50 cm long; basal leaves lanceolate, entire, acute, narrowed towards the base into a winged petiole, middle cauline leaves lanceolate, sessile, entire, acute, rounded at the base, 6-8 cm by 1-2.7 cm; inflorescence of terminal glomerate clusters very dense, 4-10 cm broad in flowers, later becoming lax showing the crowded densely flowered forked individual cymes; bracts hairy lanceolate; calyx divided to the base, lobes linear-lanceolate, 15-18 mm long, corolla blue or purple, usually shorter, sometimes equalling the calyx, 13-17 mm; nutlets grey, angulate, coarsely rugose and tuberculate; 4-5 mm long. Green parts are covered with hairs.

Taste, Odour and Occurrence

Occurrence: It occurs usually in Kashmir and Kumaon region. Sold in local market as medicinal herb. Also cultivated in many countries.
Taste: Acrid

Primary Characteristics

Lisan-al- Thawr (Onosma bracteatum Wall. or Borago officinalis Linn.) belongs to the family Boraginaceae.
The Arabic Names for this herb are “Lisan-al- Thawr” and “Saqil-ul- Hammam”.
The English Names for this herb are “Borage” and “Vipers Bugloss”.
The Urdu Names for this herb is “Gaozaban”.


The Temperament of Lisan-al- Thawr (Onosma bracteatum Wall.) is 1st order, warm and moist.

Pharmacological Actions

Pharmacological actions of Lisan-al- Thawr (Onosma bracteatum Wall. or Borago officinalis Linn.) are Alterative, Anti-pyretic, Alexipharmic, Aphrodisiac, Anti-spasmodic, Diuretic, Demulcent, Refrigerant and Tonic.


The indications of plant are Fever, Bronchitis, Thirst, Asthma, Hypochondriasis, Palpitation, Syphilis, Gonorrhoea, Kidney Ailments, Rheumatism, Leprosy, Bladder Irritation, Stomach Irritation, Spasmolytic and Strangury.
No Contra Indication information is available for Lisan-al- Thawr (Onosma bracteatum Wall.).

Compound Preparations

Lisan-al- Thawr (Onosma bracteatum Wall. or Borago officinalis Linn.) is used in following compound preparations like,

  • Khamira Gaozaban Ambari Ba Nuskha Kalan
  • Arq-e- Gazar Ambari
  • Arq-e- Amber
  • Arq-e- Maul Jubn
  • Arq-e- Pan
  • Arq-e- Sheer Murakkab
  • Dawa-ul- Misk Haar Sada
  • Dawa-ul- Misk Mo'tadil
  • Dawa-ul- Misk mo'tadil Jawahar wali
  • Jawarish Amla
  • Jawarish Jalinus
  • Jawarish Mastagi Kalaan
  • Jawarish Ood-e- Shirin
  • Jawarish Safarjali Qaabiz
  • Jawarish Shahenshahi Ambareen
  • Jawarish Shehryaaran
  • Jawarish Zar'uni Saada
  • Jawarish Zar'unui Ambari Ba Nuskha-e- Kalan
  • Joshina, Khameera Aabresham saada
  • Khameera Aabreshsm Sheera-e- Unnab wala
  • Khameera Gaozabaan
  • Khameera Gaozabaan Ambari
  • Ma'jun Khadar
  • Ma'joon Muqawwi Wa Mumsik
  • Ma'joon Musli Pak
  • Majoon Dabeed-ul- Ward
  • Mufarreh Buqraat
  • Mufarreh Dilkusha
  • Mufarreh Mo'tadil
  • Mufarreh Yaquti mo'tadil
  • Naushadaroo-e- Lului
  • Rubb-e- Angoor
  • Rubb-e-Behi
  • Rubb-e-Jamun
  • Rubb-e- Seb Sheereen
  • Rubb-e-Toot
  • Rubb-e-Toot Siyah
  • Ruh-e- Gaozaban
  • Sharbat-e- Aabresham
  • Tiryaaq-e- Samaania


  • Flowers           3.000g - 5.000g
  • Leaves 5.000g - 7.000g          

Warning and Precautions

It is described as harmful for spleen (if large doses are taken or used for long-term).









  • PUBLISHED DATE : Sep 26, 2017
  • CREATED / VALIDATED BY : Dr. Mahtab Alam Khan
  • LAST UPDATED ON : Sep 26, 2017


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