World Population Day is celebrated on 11 July to focus attention on the urgency and importance of population issues worldwide. It was initiated in 1989 by the then- Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme. It was the day of five billion world’s population on 11th July 1987, that led to establishment of this annual event.
The current world’s population is 7.6 billion and is expected to reach 8.6 billion in 2030, according to UN report 2017. Roughly 83 million people being added to world’s population every year. China with 1.4 billion people and India with 1.3 billion people are the two most populous countries and contributing to 19% and 18 % of the global population respectively. It is predicted that around 2024 or roughly in 7 years India will surpass that of china.
Theme for World Population Day 2018 is: “Family Planning is a Human Right”.
This year marks the 50th anniversary of the 1968 International Conference on Human Rights at Tehran, where for the first time family planning was declared as a human right globally. Every individual has the human right to determine the direction and scope of his or her future in this fundamental way.
According to article 16 of the Tehran Proclamation:
Nine standards to uphold the human right to family planning: United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have recognized nine standards that must be met in every community, for every individual.
Access to safe, voluntary family planning is human right. Yet, about 214 million women in developing countries who want to avoid pregnancy are not using safe and effective family planning methods. Reasons for that could be lack of access to information, services or lack of support from their partners or society.
In India, according to National Family Health Survey 2015-16 (NFHS-4) current use of family planning methods among married women (15-49 years) is 53.5%, and unmet need of family planning was 12.9%. (Unmet need for family planning refers to those women who are fecund and sexually active but not using any method of contraception though wishing to postpone the next birth –spacing or not wanting any more children -limiting).
Promotion of family planning and ensuring access to preferred contraceptive methods for women and couples is essential to securing the well-being of woman and child, while supporting the health and development of communities.
Family planning (contraceptives) methods provided at various levels of public health sector facilities in India can be viewed on- humdo.nhp.gov.in/